Reasoning is, simply, the process performed in our brain and its result. The reasoning refers to the activity of the mind that allows you to structure and organize thoughts to get a conclusion.
Abstraction has to do with everything that excludes the individual or that does not want to achieve the representation of something concrete. Abstraction is the operation that consists in separating, conceptually, a particular property of an object, from the other properties.
Abstract reasoning is used to name the process that allows a person to solve problems of a logical type. This reasoning allows to start with a certain situation and deduce consequences of said action.
Thus, to understand abstract reasoning more easily, the properties of an element must be analyzed in an isolated way and then analyze the set in which the element participates.
Exercise 1 (With a single element)
Replace the square with the question marks (???) by one of the three on the right side (a, b, c).
A syllogism ("conclusion," "inference"), (usually the categorical syllogism) is a kind of logical argument in which one proposition (the conclusion) is inferred from two others (the premises) of a certain form. For example:
Major premise: All humans are mortal.
Minor premise: Socrates is human.
Conclusion: Socrates is mortal. [+Read more]
One of the first metaphysicians is Parmenides of Elea. He held that the multiplicity of existing things, their changing forms and motion, are but an appearance of a single eternal reality ("Being"), thus giving rise to the Parmenidean principle that "all is one"... [+Read more]